Since most foot problems begin with an unnoticed injury to the skin, many things can be done to prevent more serious problems, including:
- Regular foot and footwear checks by a professional
- Daily self-inspection of the feet
- Never walking barefoot
- Nail care only by professionals
- Nnderstanding why diabetes causes foot problems
With good education, good diabetes care, and proper footwear and foot care, people with diabetes can avoid many of the disease’s serious consequences for the feet.
What You Can Do:
- Control your diabetes. Your risk is decreased by good control of the disease.
- Wash your feet daily. Dry carefully between the toes.
- Apply a moisturizer to feet lightly after bathing. It is important for you to keep your skin soft and supple.
- Do not cut toenails too short. The corners of the nails should always be visible. If you have difficulty reaching or seeing your feet have someone else cut your toenails.
- Stop smoking. Smoking reduces blood circulation and increases your risk of amputation.
- Wear comfortable, well-fitting shoes.
- Examine feet every day for cuts, blisters, dry blood, redness or swelling. Call your podiatrist immediately if you notice a problem. Hours can make the difference between saving your foot and losing it.
- Inspect the inside of shoes for foreign objects.